Oil, Gas & Mineral Rights Addendum (Form OGM) to PAR Agreement of Sale
Penn State Extension Services – Natural Gas Resource Management Program
- Lists of attorneys and consultants
- “Royalty calculator” for determining royalty payments
- Discussion forums
- Common terms and general information about the Marcellus Shale formation
Penn State regularly provides educational programs in the areas affected by the Marcellus Shale leasing activities.
Penn State Public Broadcasting project explaining many of the basics of horizontal drilling and hydraulic fracturing (fracking)
Penn State Law – Marcellus Shale
- Laws and regulations related to oil & gas drilling
- Related cases and proposed legislation
- General leasing/drilling information
- Resources related to the Marcellus Shale and shale drilling from other states
- Resources specific to Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania Land Trust Association – Natural Gas Resources
Resources from PALTA – an organization focused on natural resource conservation. Includes various links and resources regarding oil and gas extraction, as well as easements and other pipeline-related issues.
Pennsylvania Independent Oil & Gas Association (PIOGA)
- Represents independent oil & gas producers in PA
- Comprehensive News section with stories related to all aspects of oil & gas exploration in PA (not just from the industry viewpoint)
- Extensive links section with links to a number of related trade associations, as well as numerous links to state government resources and specialty publications
Resources for landmen (agents who generally work on behalf of drilling or land acquisition companies to obtain oil/gas/mineral leases from landowners). There are very good sample forms and clauses as well various other resources (login required).
Land Owner and Royalty Owner Resources
American Royalty Council
Provides information and advocacy on behalf of oil & gas royalty holders.
National Association of Royalty Owners (NARO)
Organization which represents royalty owners and has a Pennsylvania Chapter.
West Virginia Surface Owners’ Rights Organization (WV SORO)
Focuses primarily on the rights and responsibilities of those who own the surface rights to land where the oil/gas/mineral rights have been leased, not the owners of the subsurface or royalty rights. The Guide to Oil and Gas is a comprehensive discussion of many issues. You can also find an overview of mineral rights issues under the Mineral Owner Info heading.
State and Local Government Resources
Pennsylvania Department of Conservation and Natural Resources – Oil & Gas Resources
Resource page maintained by DCNR, which is responsible for tracking and regulating proposed and operating oil and gas wells within Pennsylvania. Extensive resources relating to the geology of Pennsylvania and geological information on the oil and gas drilling process. Links to various resources for tracking well development across the state.
Office of Oil & Gas Management – PA Department of Environmental Protection
- Government resources
- Educational fact sheets
- Links to relevant laws and regulations
- Forms related to the development and operation of oil & gas wells
Pennsylvania Clean and Green Regulations by County
Counties throughout the Commonwealth are administering Clean and Green differently when it comes to oil and gas leasing and drilling. Provided is a list of known regulations and contact information for each county. If you have a client that is affected by the oil and gas “gold rush” it is important to contact the county assessment office directly. As more information becomes available the list will be updated. Any information contained in this list is for reference only and should not be considered legal advice.
River Basin Commissions
The most common method for extracting natural gas from the Marcellus Shale formation is to drill through the shale formations and then use large quantities of high-pressure water to fracture the shale and release the gas. This process is often called “fracing” (pronounced “frack-ing”). Fracking a single well can use a million gallons of water or more.
Both the Susquehanna River Basin Commission and the Delaware River Basin Commission have been addressing the issues of withdrawing, using and properly treating the water necessary to operate these types of well. The websites for both Commissions have sections specifically dedicated to issues relating to Marcellus Shale drilling.
Valuation of Rights
The links below provide some general information and resources to obtain a better understanding of the issues. They also provide ideas on the types of practitioners used for this purpose.
NOTE: The inclusion of any individual or company is not an explicit or implied endorsement by the Pennsylvania Association of REALTORS®. Be sure to conduct the appropriate research before employing anyone for this purpose or making a recommendation to a client.
International Institute of Minerals Appraisers (IIMA)
Professional organization of appraisers who specialize in mineral appraisals. Qualifications include specialized education, five (5) years of experience in the field and recommendations from at least three other mineral appraisers. AIMA members include appraisers from Pennsylvania, Ohio and West Virginia.
Penn State – Consultants and Appraisers Directory
List of self-reported (not screened or recommended) professionals compiled by Penn State.
Pittsburgh Geological Society
Consultants and appraisers primarily in Western PA (use “consultants” link for list).